7 Warning Signs for Faulty Steering that Should Not Be Ignored

 


Before permanent failure or breakdown all the mechanical system of vehicle gives some warning signs and if they are noticed they can help in preventing the permanent failure or breakdown of the vehicle.

Ignoring this signs can led to some worst result and also results in the sever accidents and sometime loss of life as well. We have briefed this 7 signs for power steering that can be noticed and most commonly observed in every vehicle.

 

1. Hard To Move in Both Directions

If you are regularly driving and an experienced driver you can notice this without any delay. As in power steering very less efforts are required as they are assisted by hydraulic system.

But if you are still experiencing difficulties in steering your vehicle then there is definitely something wrong. Below is the checklist which can be checked to rectify the problem. The basic and primary reason for hard steering can be improper tyre inflation pressure which should be checked and corrected.

1. Enough amount of oil is there in the reservoir and if not check for the leakage and rectify as required and again top-up the reservoir.

2. Air sucked in the suction line of the pump check for any loose fittings and  

rectify as required.

3. Control valve is clogged then flow is not sufficient then it should be serviced or replaced of required.

4. Mechanical linkage is jammed; they should be properly serviced and lubricated.

 

2. Hard to Steer in One Direction

There can be one of the reasons from above mentioned checklist for this problem. But still there are few points which are the reason specifically for this error. Check the following reasons for correcting this fault.

1. Incorrect steering geometry or inflation pressure is incorrect in one side of the tyre. This should be checked and corrected as required.

2. Inadequate pressure in hydraulic system can create this problem, so check for leakage in the line and pump.

3. One side steering limiter valve may be faulty and this problem can arise. So check for  the same and rectify as required.

 

3. Hard To Steer After Certain Speed Increase

Sometimes you might experience difficulties in steering the vehicle while driving above certain speed. This may be due self locking safety feature which will be active above certain speed so that vehicle does not steer due to dynamics effect and vehicle rollover can be prevented.

This never mean that vehicle steering is completely inactive but it is only little harder than normal driving. If Steering is much harder that it is not even steerable than the reason may be Faulty Pump, inadequate V-belt tension, fault in control valve.

 

4. Inaccurate Steering While Moving Ahead

Normally we do not observe this as it is not required to steer the vehicle while moving ahead but still if there are any faults in the steering then they are easily detectable even while moving ahead as it will also affect the forward motion of the vehicle.

 

1. Steering gear mounting screw is loose or suspension geometry is incorrect.

2. Also play in the steering gear and fault in Hydraulic pump can cause this Problem.

 

5. Steering Wheel Knocking

Sometimes while steering the vehicle you might find the knocking effect or bouncing of the steering wheel. This can be irritating for longer drives and also harmful for the steering components and may lead to permanent failure of some parts. Below checklist should be checked for correcting this fault.

 

1. Play in the steering linkages and universal joints may result this trouble.

2. Air in the suction line of the hydraulic pump or low fluid level.

3. Incorrect Steering geometry or incorrect wheel alignment should be checked.

 

6. Play in Steering Wheel

You might have observed several times that here is some play (ineffective movement of the steering wheel). This will led to ergonomic discomfort for the driver in the long term drive. Below there are some points which should be checked for rectifying this fault.

1. Steering gear mounting is loose or universal joint clamping screw is loose.

2. Excessive play in steering linkages that should be adjusted using shims.

3. Steering wheel mounting is loose which should be checked.

4. Excessive wear of the linkage components like steering column.

 

7. Last Motion (Lash) At Steering Wheel

Sometimes after completing turn there is motion in the steering wheel which is known as lash. This fault does not affect the steering behavior directly but this fault indicates some fault in the internal components of the steering system. This fault should not be ignored as it will lead to serious failure of the some internal components of the steering.

 

1. Loose connection between steering gear, steering column and intermediate column.

2. Steering gear loosely mounted on frame or pit man arm is loosen or steering wheel is loosely mounted in shaft.

Written by - Adam Trivedi

Edited by - Adrija Saha


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