All You Need to Know About Anxiety Disorder

 


It's completely logical to worry when things get hectic and complicated. But if worries grow overwhelming, you may feel that they're controlling your life. If you spend an exorbitant amount of time feeling worried or nervous, or you have trouble sleeping because of your anxiety, pay attention to your thoughts and feelings.

You wouldn't know because they may be symptoms of an anxiety problem or disorder. Occasional anxiety is all right. But anxiety disorders are different.

They’re a group of psychic attacks that cause constant and overwhelming anxiety and fear. Excessive anxiety can make you avoid work, school, family get-togethers, and other social circumstances that might trigger or worsen your symptoms.

What is anxiety and anxiety disorder?

Anxiety is a natural reaction to stress that most people encounter during their lives. Nowadays everyone experiences feelings of anxiety. Anxiety is described as a sense of uneasiness, nervousness, worry, panic, or dread of what's about to happen or what could happen in future.

You can define fear as the emotion we feel in the presence of a threat, whereas anxiety is a sense of anticipated danger, trouble, or threat. You might have experienced some anxiety at various periods in time. It’s the brain’s way of making us ready to face or evade danger or deal with stressful circumstances.

Anxiety maladies are a cluster of mental disorders characterized by significant and uncontrollable feelings of anxiety and fear such that a person's social, occupational, and personal function are significantly impaired.

They are amongst the most well-known mental health conditions. They make people of all ages its victim — adults, children as well as teens. There are many diverse types of anxiety disorders, with different symptoms.

They all have one thing in general, though: Anxiety occurs too frequently, is too strong, is out of proportion to the present situation, and affects a person's daily life and happiness.

Signs and symptoms:

The main symptom of anxiety disorders is excessive fear or worry or even panic. Anxiety disorders would also make it hard to breathe, rest, sleep, stay calm, and concentrate.

Indications of this disorder can come on suddenly, or they can build gradually and linger until a person begins to realize that something is wrong. Sometimes it creates a sense of doom and hunch that seems to come out of nowhere.

It's common for those with an anxiety disorder to not know what's causing the emotions, worries, and perceptions they have. Some general signs include:

1) Increased heart rate

2) Accelerated breathing

3) Uneasiness

4) Difficulty in concentrating

5) Struggle in falling asleep

6) Dry mouth

7) Sweating

8) Chills or hot flashes

9)Apprehension and worry

You must remember that anxiety attacks can vary greatly, and symptoms may differ among individuals. That’s because the several symptoms of anxiety don’t happen to everyone, and they would change over time.

You shouldn't confuse between a panic attack and an anxiety attack though they share some common symptoms. They’re not the same, so please don't mislead yourselves.

What causes them?

1)Anxiety, the body’s acknowledgement of stress, is how your body warns you of threats and helps you get ready to deal with them. This is termed the fight-or-flight response.

When your body reacts to danger, you breathe swiftly because your lungs are trying to drive more oxygen through your body in case you need to escape. This can make you feel as if you’re not acquiring enough air, which could trigger additional anxiety or panic.

Remember that your body isn’t meant to constantly be on alert. Being in constant fight-or-flight mode, which can happen sometimes with chronic anxiety, can have both negative and serious effects on your body.

They might include genetic and environmental factors, as well as brain chemistry.

2)Genetic: People who have a first-degree relative such as a parent or sibling with this disorder are at a more elevated risk for developing one themselves. However, not all people with anxiety disorders will have family records, nor will all with a family history go on to develop an anxiety sickness.

3)Environmental: Several notable life events and stressors that overwhelm an individual’s ability to cope may lead to the growth of anxiety disorders.

4)Drug retreat or misuse: Certain drugs may be used to hide or lessen specific anxiety signs. Anxiety disorder often goes hand in hand with liquor and material use.

5)Medical conditions: Sometimes heart, lung, and thyroid ailments can cause symptoms similar to anxiety disorders or make anxiety symptoms graver. It’s essential to get a full physical exam to rule out other medical conditions when addressing your doctor about anxiety.

Risk factors:

If you leave it untreated, the effects of this dysfunction will pervade every phase of a person’s life. Long-term consequences of untreated will fluctuate based upon individual genetic makeup, presence of co-occurring disorders, drug or alcohol abuse, and symptom severity. Those risk factors include:

1) History of mental health disorder

2) Childhood sexual abuse

3) Trauma

4) Negative life events

5) Severe illness or chronic health condition

6) Substance abuse

7) Being shy as a child

8) Low self-esteem

I would like to inform you that the good news is, anxiety disorders are manageable. Medications are available to help in the short or long term. Numerous drug-free ways of managing anxiety, including stress reduction techniques, exercise, breathing exercises and yoga, exist.

Treatments:

Treatments for this disorder depends on what symptoms you have and their severity. Therapy and medication are the two important treatments for anxiety.

1) They can be treated by mental health professionals or therapists. A therapist can look at the indications someone is dealing with, diagnose that specific disorder, and create a plan to help them get relief.

2) A distinct type of speech remedy called cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is often used. The therapist presents support and guidance and trains new coping skills, such as relaxation techniques or breathing exercises.

3) Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine cause any of these can make this dysfunction worse.

4) Be physically active, if you’re able as exercise can help you to reduce stress and improve physical health.

Medications that are used to treat anxiety include antidepressants and sedatives. They work to balance brain chemistry, prevent episodes of anxiety, and ward off the most severe symptoms of the sickness.

Lifestyle changes would be more than enough to cope with the symptoms.

In moderate or severe cases, treatment can surely help you to overcome the symptoms and lead a more manageable day-to-day life.

So when you hear the “it’s an anxiety disorder” phrase, don’t despair or think no one is taking you seriously. You must rejoice in the fact there is no life-threatening medical problem causing your symptoms, and ask your health care provider about the best way for you to gain control over anxiety.

Although anxiety disorder usually doesn’t go away, you can learn to manage it and live a happy, healthy life.

Written By – Bennet Vini. R

Edited By - Chavi Goel


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