Authority and Freedom of Media in Iraq


The cradle of civilizations and the home of the first cities, the home of Hammurabi, the man who set the first laws in history to a country ruled by chaos, and the first law is murder and intimidation.

This is the Iraq that we are witnessing in the past few years, Iraq suffered from colonialism and then the rule of the Baathists, which curbed the freedoms of all citizens and banned all kinds of media except the government media, whose mission was to polish the image of the rulers.

Iraq and its Problems

Iraq has witnessed human disasters since the period of the US invasion until now, as Iraq has since turned into a country of militias and gangs that rule areas where the security forces are weak or missing, and they carry out their criminal operations in areas of government influence.

Over the years, Iraqi leaders have been unable to Ensuring stability for the country as the leaders in Iraq are supported by external parties and are led from there.

The media in Iraq suffers as the whole country suffers from chaos and sabotage, as well as the media suffers from chaos and sabotage.There are hundreds of newspapers and television channels in Iraq, but they are restricted and do not effectively play their role.

Analysts argue that, because of the crises that the country is going through and because of the political or sectarian orientations of these newspapers and channels are prevented from the practice of its work by officials opposed to them or leaders loyal to foreign countries.

Media and Its Role

The media is used in all aspects of the daily life of individuals, from economic to political to entertainment to sports. This article will focus more on politics and society.

As the media is the mechanism that determines the usefulness of the work of governments, monitors the work of these governments, reaches out to citizens, and contributes to the development of society or further sabotage it, as happened in Iraq during 2006.

Free media and its freedom contribute to the citizens' participation in decision-making and do not provide the government with the opportunity to unilaterally make decisions, as the media plays a role in accepting or rejecting the decision by the citizens.

The media contribute to the development of society through the awareness campaigns it publishes and pushes the youth in particular to work on developing and improving the performance of their country as the media educates individuals about the problems facing their country.

Obstacles and Politicization of the Iraqi Media

The second most dangerous country for journalists, as according to the International Committee to Protect Journalists report, nearly 500 journalists were killed in Iraq from 2003 to 2017, which poses a threat to the freedom of the press in the country

The journalist in Iraq is under great pressure despite the fact that the Iraqi constitution and laws support a free media presence in the country led by independents.

But the independent journalist has become easy prey for the militias that follow a certain sect or political party.

Journalists in Iraq are afraid to talk about topics that contribute to informing citizens of the problems they face or the crimes that militias and their leaders make or the politicians loyal to them

Intellectuals in the country are familiar with the problems of journalists, whose assassinations increased due to their opinions and mention of crimes committed by the elite or gangs, especially after the youth revolution in 2019, when the campaign of assassinations of journalists and their kidnapping increased.

Different Bet Iraq and KRG

The Kurdistan region of Iraq, which is part of Iraq, but is considered a safer and more stable region than other regions of Iraq, and freedoms and independence are greater than its counterpart in Iraq.

Media freedom does not differ much between the two parties, as the media in the region is often affiliated with the two largest parties, the Democratic Party and the National Party. Independent media and journalists also suffer from attacks and criticism from the government, which is also divided between the two ruling parties.

But the journalist does not fear for his life in the region, unlike Iraq, which threatens the journalist’s life.

The region provides security and stability to the journalist, but if his views are outside the wishes of the controllers, he is criticized and his reputation in the media is distorted or he is prevented from participating in important political events by the security forces.

The region has witnessed the exodus of hundreds of Iraqi journalists to its lands and the presentation of their contents to the citizens from the lands of the region. As there are many famous Iraqi channels and have many audiences operating from the region as it is safer for them.

Media to Where

Today, the Iraqi journalist practices their work outside the borders of their country or in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, as the policy of silencing is the law that governs the work of journalists in the country.

The killing and violence faced by the journalist in the country are all conditions that have turned into almost a lack of freedom of information and expression in the country or a transformation Channels to follow leaders, parties, or militias.

Media freedom in the country is on the verge of an important The journalist does not know if his opinion will meet the approval of militias and parties or it will be the way to end his life.

We have come to see channels in Iraq that do not know anything about the media, but rather provide negative and sectarian content that encourages violence.


Written by - Abduljalil Hage

Edited by – Adrija Saha

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