Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Human Intelligence?


                        



You might have observed the changes in the technology that happened in the last
decade. AI (Artificial Intelligence) is the technology that is transforming every walk of life, in almost all the sectors from smartphone industries to robotics most people often presume 'AI' as robots with human-like characteristic, but 'AI' can circumscribe anything from search engines like Google, Yahoo to self-driving cars, etc.


What Is Artificial Intelligence?

We can define 'AI' as Intelligence exhibited by machines, different from the natural intelligence displayed by humans and to the extent by animals, which involves consciousness and emotions.

'AI' widely known as narrow AI or weak AI, which is developed to perform simple tasks (e.g., face recognition and web searches). However, many researchers had a long-term goal to develop General AI or AGI or Strong AI.

While weak AI may outperform human in tasks like a chess game or
solving puzzles, on the other hand, AGI may outperform humans in any cognitive
tasks. In simple words, AI is the science of making machine smart, using algorithms to allow the computer to solve problems which used to be solved only by humans.


Application


AI already embedded in search engines, online shopping recommendations and
digital assistants. Radiologists can use AI to calculate the exact shape and volume of tumors - revolutionizing treatments. 

Astronomers can use AI to find and evaluate exoplanets in distant solar systems. And disappointed motorists are using it to discover if they can overturn parking fines. The possibilities of AI are endless from fraud prevention to address climate change.


Limitations

AI technologies today are brilliant at analyzing vast amounts of data to learn to
complete a particular task - a technique called machine learning. But AI's not good at transferring what it has learned from one type of task to another. 

Learning abstract concepts; and 'one-shot' learning where a general rule is learned from a single experience the sort of broad intelligence humans excels at. But even without achieving this broad intelligence. AI is raising questions.


How Artificial Intelligence Affect Work?


People will still be required in the workplace, but jobs and roles are prone to change as some tasks become automated and new jobs are created. There is a risk that at least in the short term this could increase inequality if some people disproportionately affected and benefits aren't widely shared across society.


What about social equality and fairness?

Bias coming from AI systems even if unintentional could disproportionately affect
some social groups. Affecting anything from job prospects to the procedure by the justice system.


Conclusion

Technology can play a part in helping to manage bias, but people need to address
some questions about how society wants to utilize AI. Technology with AI at its heart has the ability to change the world, the more of us that engage with shaping its development the more chance we have to ensure a better, fairer future with.


Written By - Sukhvinder Gaur

Edited By - Vanshu Verma

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