Is Climate Change As Real As They Say It Is? - Ways To Limit Climate Change Effects

“Climate change" is the change in properties of the climate system around us that lasts for a long time. Climate change happens because of Natural reasons such as volcanoes or sun radiation. It may also be man-made. Since the industrial revolution, a lot of greenhouse gases have been released which impacted the climate.

Causes Of Climate Change

1. Greenhouse gases are considered the main cause of climate change.
2. Agriculture, road development, and deforestation can all alter the reflectance of the Earth's surface, resulting in local warming or cooling.

Greenhouse Gases

Global warming is one of the most serious problems caused by climate change. It happens mainly because of the effect of greenhouse gases.

1. Carbon dioxide (CO2)

The main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, accounts for around three-quarters of emissions. It can stay in the atmosphere for a very long time.

2. Methane (CH4)

Landfills, the natural gas, and petroleum sectors, as well as agriculture (particularly the digestive systems of ruminant animals), all release methane. Methane molecules do not stay in the atmosphere as long as carbon dioxide molecules do. But it is 23 times stronger.

3. Nitrous oxide (N2O)

It is only 6% of total greenhouse gases but it is 264 times stronger than carbon dioxide. The main sources of nitrous oxide emissions include fuel combustion, agriculture and livestock, fertilizers, manure, and the burning of agricultural leftovers.

4. Fluorinated gases (F-gases)

They are only 2% of total emissions. But stay for thousands of years in the atmosphere.

5. Water vapor (H2O)

Water vapor is known to be Earth’s most abundant greenhouse gas, but the extent of its contribution to global warming has been debated. The temperature of the Earth is not controlled by water vapor. The amount of water vapor is instead determined by the temperature. This is due to the surrounding environment's temperature limiting the maximum amount of water vapor the atmosphere can contain.

Impact Of Climate Change

It has environmental, social, and economic effects. Some of them are:

1. The oceans are absorbing more heat as greenhouse gases capture more solar energy, which raises sea levels and raises sea surface temperatures. That will lead to alterations in climate patterns around the world.

2. Droughts and heat waves are predicted to occur more frequently because of global warming. Extreme heat and dryness frequently have a disproportionately negative effect on ecosystems and populations. Compound hot-dry events can result in crop losses, wildfires, and tree deaths.

3. Several species will be affected physiologically by climate change. There is evidence that some species are physiologically vulnerable to temperature spikes.

4. Higher temperatures eventually cause lower crop yields while promoting the growth of weeds and pests. Short-term crop failures and long-term output decreases are more likely to occur as a result of changes in precipitation patterns.

5. Climate change has been described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the biggest threat to health in the 21st century – it affects health and well-being in many ways.

What Can We Do To Limit Climate Change Effects?

1) Applying the 4R Initiative
  • Refuse
    Refuse using un reusable coffee cups or plastic straws and use your reusable things.
  • Reduce
    Reduce our spending on items that we don't need and limit the things we buy.
  • Reuse
    Using things again for another purpose.
  • Recycle
    And it means turning things into new products.
2) Compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs should be used instead of incandescent light bulbs. They use 70% less energy than standard bulbs and last twice as long.

3) Many people have jumped on the energy-efficient bandwagon that is solar energy. Installing solar panels is a simple and cost-effective option. Solar energy is becoming more appealing as a result of incentives and discounts provided by government agencies and energy corporations.

4) Planting trees can help reduce global warming more than any other approach. They not only produce oxygen but also absorb carbon dioxide during the photosynthesis process, which is the primary cause of global warming.

5) Reduce your driving. Driving less not only saves gasoline but also helps to reduce global warming. Also, keep an eye out for other options, such as carpooling. You can combine excursions if you have coworkers who live in the same area.

Written by: Heba salah