All You Need to Know About the 'Deepest' Solar Eclipse

moon eclipse

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What Is a Solar Eclipse?

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, thereby partly or totally covering the image of the Sun for the residents on Earth.
Similarly, an annular Solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter appears just a little smaller than the Sun's, blocking most it's light and causing the Sun to look like a ring. This eclipse can be seen even with the region as wide as thousands of kilometers.

There are three types of solar eclipses-

Total solar eclipse - It is only visible for a limited area on Earth. For this event to occur, the Sun, Moon and Earth must be in a straight line.

Partial solar eclipse - It happens when the Sun, Moon, and Earth are not exactly in a straight line.

• This is the type that will happen on 21st June 2020. It is known as the Annular Solar Eclipse and it occurs only when the Moon is farthest from the Earth.

For India, this is the first Solar Eclipse of 2020. This comes India had an eclipse in December 2019. It is going to be an annular solar eclipse, where a Ring of Fire will be formed. How? Read on to know more.
On June 21st, the annular eclipse will first start for the people of Africa (Congo) and then it will progress through South Sudan, Ethiopia, Yemen, Oman, Saudi Arabia, the Indian ocean, Pakistan before progressing towards our nation, India over Rajasthan.

When Will It Be Seen in India?

At 09:15 a.m. IST, the partial Solar eclipse will begin in India. Then, after sometime at around 12:10 p.m. IST, the partial Solar eclipse will attain its maximum form of an annular eclipse. After approximately 3 hours that is by 03:04 p.m. (as stated), the annular Solar eclipse will end.

The Eclipse will run through a narrow corridor moving through the cities of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Uttarakhand.

As mentioned before, a solar eclipse occurs only when the Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth. In some cases, it blocks so much area of the Sun and places its ant umbra shadow on the Earth living a huge area of brightness.
Lunar eclipses are safe to watch from the Earth. Whereas, watching Solar eclipse with naked eyes can lead to serious repercussions like complete or/and permanent blindness.

Do You Want to Have an Experience of the Ring of Fire With Your Own Eyes?

The ministry of sciences has issued advisories stating that the eclipsed Sun should not be viewed with the naked eye even for a very short time. You can watch the Solar eclipse outside ONLY if you have either the Solar filters or Eclipse glasses.
For the people without filters for eclipse glasses, there will be a live telecast of the eclipse by platforms such as TimeandDate or Slooh on their YouTube channel.

More Details for Enthusiasts

Since the Moon will cover about 98.8 % of the Sun's disc, the aforesaid Ring of Fire is expected to be very slim during the eclipse (which is why "ring"). This makes it the "Deepest" annular eclipse of the century in India.
According to many experts, the Sun may appear as a "necklace" of shiny beads due to light obstructing from the Moon's hills and valleys (As stated by an astrophotographer Ajay Talwar).
The Eclipse will be visible in India from different places at different points of time. This will happen between 09:56 a.m. and 02:28 p.m.

  • For Delhi, the eclipse will begin at 10:19 a.m. and end at 1:48 p.m. with the annular phase beginning at 12:01 p.m.

  • For Kolkata, the eclipse will begin at 10:46 a.m. and will end at 02:17 p.m.

  • For Mumbai, it will begin at 10:00 a.m. and end at 01:27 p.m. (All the timings mentioned are in accordance with the IST)

When Will This Phenomenon Occur Again?

After the Solar eclipse of June 21, 2020, the next phenomenon of this kind will occur in June 2021. But as for India, (according to sources) the next visible eclipse is 11 years from now that is in 2031. This fact makes it a big astronomical appearance for India. The Covid-19 situation has many sky gazers disappointed as they will not be able to enjoy the eclipse as they had planned.

Written by - Ritika Singh

Edited by - Bushra Makhdoomi

All You Need to Know About the 'Deepest' Solar Eclipse All You Need to Know About the 'Deepest' Solar Eclipse Reviewed by Bushra M on June 21, 2020 Rating: 5

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