New Tech Generation - 5G Technology


Technological developments have caused profound changes in human lives for several decades now.The fourth industrial revolution, fueled by connectivity, data and AI has begun.To feature thereto, 5G is that the new technology which can take it a step ahead.

5G is that the next generation wireless access technology which not only promises higher data capacity and speeds faster than 10 GB per second, but also possesses the capacity to attach billions of devices.

What is 5G?

5G is that subsequent step beyond 4G and LTE mobile networks, with faster speeds, more bandwidth, and a wider range than previous networks. It’s a developing technology, with several major mobile network carriers researching and improving the network because it evolves.

User demand for increased bandwidth is growing. Technology that needs more data than before, like high-quality video streaming and video game software, could also be a neighborhood of this demand.

Telecoms are looking to use 5G as the way to deliver high speeds, low latency, and better value to a burgeoning customer base of mobile data users. Virtualization of mobile networks could also be a key a neighborhood of 5G.

Operators can use software-defined networking (SDN) to form a topology that has multiple hierarchies. the varied hierarchies will contain radio access network (RAN) radios of varied sizes.

Virtual RAN (VRAN) and open source RAN (O-RAN) both play a key role during this. RAN is becoming dis-aggregated and abstracted from hardware, becoming more elastic and better able to handle traffic surges through VRAN.

Network virtualized functions (NFV) help orchestrate this virtualization. Open-source developments are fueling collaboration between telecoms and creating a network which can be universally adopted among companies.

Another key a neighborhood of 5G is that fact it operates on a higher-frequency band of the wireless spectrum, mentioned because the millimetre wave (mm Wave) spectrum. this allows users to access more bandwidth than before.

What are the bottlenecks?

Digitization are going to be impossible if what's within the hands of individuals is analog. 5G technology might be the backbone of India's growth—but it'll require reforms to simplify the up gradation of critical infrastructure. Let's check out some important aspects:

  • The very fact that unlike within the US and China, where most towers are back-hauled using fiber, quite 75% of the towers in India still employ legacy microwave transmission systems.
  • Its roll out are going to be slower in rural areas thanks to massive fiber requirements, rendering it uneconomical for relatively low data demand in those areas.
  • Since 5G works in high-frequency bands (also called millimetre waves), its range is restricted. That necessitates the deployment of dense networks—i.e. quite twice the amount of towers needed today.
  • And, most significantly , there are stressed finances of Telecom sector to deal with.

What makes 5G different?

5G runs on equivalent radio frequencies that are currently getting used for your smartphone, on Wi-Fi networks and in satellite communications, but it enables technology to travel tons further.

Beyond having the power to download a full-length HD movie to your phone in seconds (even from a crowded stadium), 5G is essentially about connecting things everywhere – reliably, without lag – so people can measure, understand and manage things in real time.

What is 5G capable of?

5G will do much more than significantly improve your network connection. It provides new opportunities, enabling us to deliver groundbreaking solutions that reach across society.

Imagine billions of connected devices gathering and sharing information in real time to reduce road accidents; or life-saving applications which can flee due to lag-free guaranteed connections; or production lines so predictive they're going to prevent interruptions well before they occur.

There’s no need to imagine. We are making it happen in every sector like advancing societies, transforming industries and elevating experiences.

Benefits of 5G technology

  • In the "Everything on Mobile" era, mobile networks must meet requirements more diverse than ever. The 5G is predicted to globally redefine a spread of industries like transport, healthcare and logistics.
  • Unlike 3G and 4G, which largely offered improvements in data transfer speeds on smartphones, 5G will allow a universe of connected devices to interact with one another .
  • The key feature is dramatically reduced latency of but 1 millisecond (MS) from this 50ms, alongside a throughput up to 10 gigabytes per second speed and exponential increase in number of connections.
  • A higher throughput implies higher network speed for consumers. this might enable applications that might not are possible with longer response times.
  • For example, In India, there are large numbers of people who are outside the normal reach of specialists by virtue of their remoteness. The low latency in 5G technology could even open doors for remote robotic surgeries.


Future growth goes to return from applications and services supported technologies just like the web of Things, automation and AI.

Telepresence and remote servicing are getting to be a ubiquitous substitute for people taking a flight, and driver-less cars may cause a disruption within the industry.

All these applications will provide an honest opportunity for the services industry as more areas demand cloud computing, Big Data, AI and machine-learning applications.

A timely roll-out of 5G will allow Indian entrepreneurs an opportunity to experiment alongside their global competitors.

Written by: Umme Amara Shaikh

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