Free Syrian Army From Free Fighters to Mercenaries


President Hafez Al-Assad in 1971 took over in Syria after several military coups that took place in the country until the Arab Socialist Tamper Party came and took over the country, and then Hafez Al-Assad was appointed president of the Syrian Arab Republic, and after 29 years in power, his term ended with his death.

His son, Doctor Bashar Hafez Al-Assad, took power after him, and the young president continued in his father's footsteps.

Their era was known for the strength of the security services and total control of the country joining the army was compulsory for young Syrians, which paved the way for the presence of an armed force that stood up to the government when the crisis in the country began.

Free Syrian Army

When the demonstrations broke out in Syria in 2011, after being influenced by other Arab countries that succeeded in changing their rulers, the demonstrations in the country faced the severe security services that dealt violently with the demonstrators and then used weapons to repel them.

Many soldiers of the government army have defected, and Colonel Riad Al-Asaad announced the establishment of the Free Syrian Army, whose mission at the beginning was to protect the demonstrators from the security services that killed the demonstrators.

The army shifted from the task of defending the demonstrators to the task of controlling cities in the country and attacking government forces, and the Free Army formed different brigades and spread in different regions in Syria and followed a military council that approved the plans and operations that these brigades would carry out under the banner of Free Syrian Army.

The Free Syrian Army initially obtained international support and recognition that it represented the demonstrators against the Syrian government, in addition to the support provided by merchants and the wealthy of Syria at that time.

This army has obtained financial support and arms from Gulf countries and Turkey, which was the strongest supporter through money and weapons, and Turkish lands became training sites for these fighters, and Turkey became the headquarters of the Syrian opposition and the leaders of the Free Syrian Army.

The Turkish Position on the Crisis

The Turkish-Syrian relations were fairly good, and the two presidents had a good relationship before the crisis and when the crisis began, Turkey tried to pressure Assad to meet the demands of the angry people.

When it was announced that the establishment of the Free Syrian Army was supported by Ankara with weapons and money, and Turkey embraced it on its soil, the Free Army became using Turkish lands in its operations and attacks on Syrian cities.

Turkey had aspired, through this support, to be the partner that contributed to the overthrow of the Syrian government, as Turkey was a supporter of the Arab Spring, and Turkey believed that through this support, it might obtain a regional power position in the region and become a major influence in the Middle East, which Crowded with warring power and influence.

Turning to Mercenaries in Turkey

Then this army turned, bit by bit, into an armed group affiliated with Turkey, which became the first in control of this army and became working according to Turkish interests in the Syrian crisis.

By virtue of the presence of the leaders of the Free Syrian Army and the opposition in Turkish territory, Turkey assumed their leadership and direction, and after this submission to Turkey and fulfilling its desires.

After the overwhelming victories achieved by the Syrian government army against them and the disastrous failure of the Free Syrian Army and its disintegration into random and internally fighting factions while Between them.

Likewise, the emergence of the Islamic State and its control over large areas of Syrian territory, the weakness of the Free Syrian Army and its shaking in front of the Islamic State.

In addition, formation of the Syrian Democratic Forces of the Kurds in the north and their conviction to the international community of its strength and determination, and achieving great victories over the Islamic State.

All these things were enough to push the international community to withdraw its support for the Free Syrian Army and to search for a strong new ally, and it was the Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces.

Greater power, weakness and internal fighting, a new and more convincing ally of the Kurdish forces, new international desires, and marginalization were enough to divert the Free Syrian Army from the duty to defend the demonstrators and then to control the cities and declare their liberation.

This free army turned into armed groups that fight in favor of Turkey for the sake of money and they became mercenaries.

Free Syrian Army Mercenary

Turkey used these Syrian fighters in its war against the Kurds in northern Syria, and the beginning was from Afrin, which Turkey turned into the colony of Turkey and then Ras Al-Ain and the Syrian-Turkish border strip.

Turkey is using its loyal army in order to convince the international community that they are Syrians fighting on the territory of Syria, while they are an army of delinquents who found money in Turkey and displaced millions of Syrians because of their attacks and the killing of civilians, the majority of whom are Kurds who reject their presence in their areas.

Syrians in these areas began to see the Turkish flags in their skies and to use Turkish money in addition to the education that became in the Turkish language and with the recognition and approval of the expired Free Syrian Army.

Mercenary War and Alternative Power

Turkey and its Free Syrian Army did not stop at entering the Syrian lands and killing civilians, but extended to interfering in the Libyan affair and sending Turkey to these mercenaries to Libya and fighting alongside the Government of National Accord and participating in the killing of the Libyans.

Also, according to observers, Turkey is using them in the Azerbaijani-Armenian war in the past few weeks, and Turkey supports Azerbaijan.

Syrian people have lost hope in this army, which in a previous period was the only hope they had.

International community was also convinced that this army had become unhelpful and forced the international community to change its policies, the most prominent of which was the shift from the idea of ​​Assad's departure to his survival and a political solution to the crisis, as it shifted support to the Syrian Democratic Forces, the force that struck the last nail in the coffin of the Islamic State.


Written by – Abduljalil Hage

Edited by – Adrija Saha

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