Wind Energy: Advantages and Disadvantages



Wind energy has numerous advantages, which explains why it is one of the world's fastest energy sources. To further expand wind energy's capabilities and the greater community, researchers are attempting to address technical and socioeconomic barriers in support of a carbon-free electricity future. Wind energy is used to produce energy by converting the momentum of moving air. In modern wind turbines, wind rotates the rotor blades, able to convert energy into rotational energy. This rotational energy is transferred to the power source via a shaft, likely to result in electrical energy generation.


Some of the advantages of wind energy are:

  • Power creates well-paying jobs. In the United States, the wind industry employs over 120,000 people and is expanding across all 50 states. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, wind turbine service technicians are the second fastest-growing occupation in the United States. By 2050, the wind industry has the potential to support hundreds of thousands of additional jobs, with positions ranging from blade fabricator to asset manager.
  • Wind power is a domestic resource that helps the United States economy grow. In 2021, wind turbines operating in all 50 states produced more than 9% of the country's net total energy. The same year, new wind project investments boosted the US economy by $20 billion.
  • Wind energy is a clean and renewable energy source. Wind turbines generate electricity from wind energy by spinning a generator with mechanical power. The wind is not only a plentiful and inexhaustible resource, but it also produces electricity without the use of any fuel or polluting the environment. Wind energy continues to be the most important renewable energy source in the United States, helping to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Wind energy saves 329 million metric tonnes of CO2 emissions per year, which is equivalent to the emissions produced by 71 million cars and causes acid rain, smog, and greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Wind energy benefits local communities. Wind projects are estimated to generate $1.9 billion in state and local tax payments and land lease payments each year. Wind energy communities can use the additional revenue to fund school budgets, lower homeowner tax burdens, and address local infrastructure projects.


Wind power suffers from two major drawbacks: high initial costs and immature technology. To begin with, the cost of constructing turbines and wind facilities is prohibitively expensive. The second disadvantage is that technology is still in its early stages. Energy costs can be directly addressed in part by technological innovations that increase reliability and energy output while lowering system capital expenses. Although offshore wind energy produces more energy than onshore wind energy, it is significantly more expensive to install. The primary costs of wind turbines are construction and maintenance. New technology is required to reduce costs, increase reliability and energy production, solve regional deployment issues, expand the resource area, develop infrastructure and manufacturing facilities, and mitigate known environmental impacts. As a result, some might argue that wind energy should be postponed until technological advancements are made. Other disadvantages include:

  • Aesthetic impact: Many people are concerned about wind turbines' visual impact on nature's beautiful scenery. They believe that the massive wind turbines detract from the natural beauty of the area.
  • Wind turbines can endanger flying creatures: Many birds and bats have been killed after flying into the rotors. Experts have discovered that wind turbines hurt marine habitats.
  • Location remoteness: While this may be advantageous (placing wind turbines in desolate areas far from people), it may also be disadvantageous. Travel and turbine maintenance is becoming more expensive and time-consuming. Offshore wind turbines require the use of boats and are potentially dangerous to operate.
  • Noise: Some wind turbines make a lot of noise, which can be bothersome.
  • Incoming boats may find it difficult to see wind turbines in the dark/at night, resulting in collisions.


Wind power is one of the most eco-friendly methods for producing electricity because it produces no harmful emissions, contributes nothing to global warming, is one of the most plentiful renewable energy sources, and is conceivably an unlimited source of energy. Windmills are among the most expensive methods for producing electricity in sufficient windy areas, attracting a broad range of individuals, governments, and organizations.

    Written by Jay Kumar Gupta