Gender Is a Spectrum


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2020 has been a difficult year for the world, with the pandemic taking over. With several gatherings and events being cancelled all around, Pride Month is seeing parades moving to a virtual setting than on the streets. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Pride Month.

Even after years of struggle and wave of spreading awareness people are still not open to the whole idea of non binary gender. The whole aim is to promote the idea of non binary gender, along with eliminating trans-phobia, homophobia and bi-phobia.

The group sees the idea of gender identity as a regressive principle based on gender stereotypes. They try to make people understand that gender is not limited to your body parts and that sexual attraction is much more complex and varied than what is dictated by your genitalia.

 

Historical Presence

LGBTQIA people are not a modern phenomena .From Plato who spoke of a third sex as a natural part of human nature to same sex relations in Mayan culture to songs that were written about hwarang.

Korean warriors known to have same sex relationships to communities in Angola who openly accepted same sex relationships to the ancient Egyptian royal servant’s niankhkhum and kmunumhotep are believed to be among first recorded same sex couples in history.

As reflected by the drawings in the tombs from 24th century BCE to the citing from the chapter of “Purushayita” in the Kama Sutra , a 2nd century ancient Indian Hindu text ,we have a world history of diverse gender presence.

 

Positive Response in the Recent Times

The chain of changes in 2020 started with same sex marriage legislation fully into effect in Northern Ireland, leading to Costa Rica legalizing same sex marriage in first for Central America.

Presently, the president of Gabon signed a law decriminalising same sex activities in the country. The acceptance of these communities legally is increasing at an unprecedented rate.

The US Supreme Court has ruled this year that employers who fire workers for being gay or transgender are breaking civil rights law It is a major win for the community workers in US and their allies.

The gradual acceptance and inclusiveness of this  community has shown by mainstream to this community over the years  has lead to some historical moments this year like when Valentina Sampaio  become the first transgender model to get featured which has given not only acknowledgement but also boast to the community’s self confidence .

 In Indian Home Ministry has asked and encouraged paramilitary forces to submit a report on the inclusion of the transgender people in an upcoming recruitment's.

Opportunities like this is uplifting the LGBTQIA communities and countries who are showing openness to this are paving their path to be a progressive and modern society. This has encouraged the community to come forward and be a part of mainstream.

 

Yet to Be Overcome

The people of LGBTQIA community are still fighting for equal rights and acceptance. The problem remains the same, the discrimination they face, their sexual identity and preferences are quoted as mental illness that can be diagnosed.

There remain a lot of myths related to transgender in every corner of the world and they still remain the black sheep of the LGBTQIA community. There are 44 countries that criminalises same sex marriage like Sudan, Afghanistan, etc. till date.

Many countries require transgender people to be sterilized in order to have gender legally recognize. They are subjected to social stigmatization, legal restriction, and violence.

Although adult consensual sexual activity is considered a basic human right across the world, homosexuality is outlawed in about 80 countries.

Poland is the worst country in EU for LGBTQIA rights with people of the community choosing to leave the country in fear of persecution.

Polish President Andrzej Duda accused the LGBTQIA rights movement for promoting a viewpoint more harmful than communism and said he agreed with another conservative politician who stated that “LGBT is not people, it's an ideology.”

Recently, the author of the Harry Potter series, JK Rowling’s series of tweet about mensuration is labelled by critics as “trans-phobic”. She shared a link to an article titled: “Opinion: Creating a more equal post-COVID-19 world for people who menstruate.”

Followed by her comment “’People who menstruate’. I’m sure there used to be a word for those people. Someone help me out.”

 

Essence 

The LGBTQIA people are more likely to experience issues such as depression, anxiety, loneliness.  Since the beginning of the lockdown suicides rate and thoughts have been higher than ever before in the community. They are struggling with funds, stigma and mental illness.

This community is already vulnerable due to old biasness and now this pandemic had made their livelihood very difficult. They are not provided either proper medication and hence they tend to be left in isolation. They are inclined to feel like they are not living their lives to the full.

We are gradually trying to embrace this community as a society but with that we need to understand that we need to accept them for who they are by respecting and viewing them as equals to binary genders.

Rights and protection should be implemented among the individuals of LGBTQIA for the fact that there is still discrimination among the third sex community.

The only solution for the series of discrimination in regard to LGBTQIA people is spreading awareness among common people. According to Conor Franta “Race, gender, religion, sexuality, we are all people and that’s it. We’re all people. We’re all equal.”

A progressive society or an individual must always have accepting nature and open mind and is ready to welcome the changes in the society.

 

Written by – Shalaka Pathak

Edited by – Adrija Saha


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