A Step Towards Curing Cancer From Memorial Sloan Kettering Centre, New York

What is Cancer?

Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissues. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells.

There are various kinds of cancers like:

  • Breast cancer

  • Lung Cancer

  • Prostate Cancer

  • Colorectal Cancer

  • Melanoma (Skin)

  • Bladder Cancer

  • Kidney Cancer

  • Leukemia 

And many more types exist.

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for nearly 10 millions deaths in 2020, or nearly one in six deaths. The most common deaths are breast, lung, colon and rectum and prostate cancers.

Cancer is a frightening disease from the very beginning when it evolved, but advancement in technology and regular research by scientists and doctors have brought cure for this deadly disease. Over the period of 20 years new anti- tumor therapeutic strategies which make use of new biotechnological drugs have been developed. These strategies have significantly increased the effectiveness of treatments and the survival rates of cancer patients. 

Can cancer be cured permanently?

Cancer is a disease that may never be able to cure completely. But doctors and scientists are in the middle of full research for it.

A Step Forwards From New York:

Recently, a medical trial happened in which it was stated that 12 patients in the United States were completely cured of rectal cancer without requiring any surgery or chemotherapy. 

That trial used a monoclonal antibody called “Dostarlimab” every three weeks for six months for the treatment of a particular kind of stage two or three rectal cancer. The study was done by doctors from the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre in New York, and their results have been published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The findings of the trial have shown that immunotherapy alone without any chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery that have been staples of cancer could cure cancer. 

All 12 patients had completed the treatment and were followed for six months after, no cases of progression or recurrence had been reported during the follow up. The response was too rapid, the symptoms resolving 81% of the patients within nine weeks of starting the therapy. 

This is a big achievement for medical science to get the cure for the deadly disease called cancer.

Written by: Rinki Khanna

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