The Promising Future Of Electric Cars in India

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Emissions from cars and trucks are not only bad for our planet, but they’re also bad for our health. Air pollutants from gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles cause asthma, bronchitis, cancer, and premature deaths. The long-term health impacts of localized air pollution last a lifetime.

To overcome the climate crisis, we need to make the vehicles on our roads as clean as possible. We don’t have much time, to change the way, we use energy to avoid the worst impacts of climate change

Future of electric cars in India

  • Industry leaders consider electric cars to be a promising option for the Indian audience.
  • At a fundamental level, electric cars offer a dramatically lower operating cost.
  • According to a “Niti Aayog” report, India needs a minimum of 10 GWh of cells by 2022.

Basics -

Electric vehicles fall into three main categories:

  • Battery electric vehicles are powered by electricity stored in a battery pack.
  • Plug-in hybrids combine a petrol or diesel engine with a large rechargeable battery.
  • Fuel cell vehicles run purely on hydrogen chemistry reactions to produce electricity to run the motor. 

Challenges For Indian Consumers In Adoption Of Electric Cars?

Breaking away the old norms and establishing new consumer behavior is always a challenge. Thus, a lot of sensitization and education is needed.

Apart from this, there are many challenges in the adoption of electric vehicle cars in India shortly. These include:

  • Charging infrastructure
  • Battery performance
  • Supply-demand gap
  • Creating the closed-loop

What are the benefits of electric vehicles? 

  • Cheaper to maintain
  • Cheaper to run
  • Better for the environment
  • Our energy security
  •  Health benefits

How Can The Government Promote Electric Cars Further?

The Indian government is pushing for its goal of making 30% of Indian vehicles electric by 2030. The steps taken in 2019 to promote electric vehicles in the country include:

  • Special policy measures such as lowering the GST on EVs to 5% versus 28% for combustion engines.
  • To localize the value chain, the cabinet outlawed a five-year phased manufacturing program (PMP) until 2024.
  • Nearly a dozen states either issued or proposed electric vehicle policies to date, with Delhi being the latest one.
  • INR 1.5 lakh tax exemption on loans to buy electric vehicles.
  • INR 10K Cr allocated to FAME II to push electric mobility through standardization.
  • The union cabinet has proposed customs duty exemption on certain EV parts including electric drive assembly, onboard charger, e-compressor, and a charging gun to cut down costs.

Will Electric Cars Gain Popularity In India?

In the last few years, surveys suggest a rise in interest among the Indian people for electric cars in comparison to petrol/diesel cars.

In the Indian context, automobile manufacturers have announced electric four-wheelers such as Hyundai Kona Electric, Mahindra e-Verito, Mahindra-e2o, Porsche Taycan, Tata Tigor EV 2019. But many more will be needed if India has to take meaningful steps towards becoming an EV nation.

Written by - Sumit Sharma

Edited by - Chhavi Gupta

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